Published: Wed, July 11, 2018
Science | By Michele Flores

New report uncovers illegal production, use of ozone

New report uncovers illegal production, use of ozone

Also, the report notes that this is not an isolated incident, rather, something that is seen as common practice in the industry there.

Producers and traders told EIA researchers posing as buyers that the majority of Chinese companies manufacturing foam - in high demand as an insulator in the booming construction sector - continue to use CFC-11 because of its better quality and lower price.

The illegal ozone-destroying chemical CFC-11 remains in use in some Chinese provinces, a development which could imperil the gains of a 1987 agreement to protect the ozone layer, said an environmental group on Monday (July 9).

A few months ago, there were reports that while the ozone layer was recovering all over the world, researchers were able to still find some traces of risky CFC which at the time was reported to be coming out of East Asia.

Traders cited by EIA also said that Chinese companies export the banned CFC agents by mislabelling them as Hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) compounds and other chemical blends.

Some even acknowledged the illegality of their actions and explained that it was used because it was cheaper and made more effective foams. "One company representative told EIA sources that HCFC-141b [an alternative still allowed in China under its Montreal Protocol obligations] is 1000 RMB ($150) per tonne more expensive than CFC-11", the report notes.

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The Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA) investigates and campaigns against environmental crime and abuses. The authors discounted the idea that the increase of CFC-11 in the atmosphere is due to existing factories being decommissioned. The penalty in China for its use is a fine.

"The Multilateral Fund paid for the phase out of the production of CFC-11 and CFC-12", the expert said, naming two ozone depleting agents. "Some of them regularly move, making it very hard for the acting agencies to exercise oversight", Le claims.

EIA is releasing the report in advance of the Open-Ended Working Group of the Montreal Protocol meeting in Vienna from 11-14 July, where the issue of the rogue CFC-11 emissions is likely to be high on the agenda.

He added: "What we've uncovered is a systemic problem, not isolated incidents".

Clare Perry, climate campaign leader, EIA UK, added: "This is an environmental crime on a massive scale. How the Montreal Protocol addresses this issue will determine whether it continues to merit its reputation as the world's most effective environmental treaty". The EIA report recommends that the Montreal Protocol and its Parties should, "request the Scientific Assessment Panel (SAP) and Technology and Economic Assessment Panel (TEAP) to further analyse the atmospheric measurements and foam sector and provide information and recommendations to the Parties". Now, the EIA has incriminating evidence against China being the source of the chemical.

So that they were banned the use of chemical completely in 2010.They was totally confused by the mysterious increase in use of emission of gas.

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