Published: Tue, November 13, 2018
Medical | By Vicki Mclaughlin

Pfizer to help prevent global public health threat of antimicrobial resistance

Pfizer to help prevent global public health threat of antimicrobial resistance

In light of World Antibiotic Awareness Week 2018, WHO/Europe is uniting with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia and the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) Sub-Regional Representation for Central Asia to encourage governments to embrace or reinforce their use of the One Health approach. Watch antibiotics, a category that includes third-generation cephalosporins, carbapenems, and other drugs that should be used with caution due to their potential to promote resistance, accounted for less than 20% of consumption in some countries but more than 50% in others.Reserve antibiotics-last-resort drugs like colistin that are intended for use only against severe multidrug-resistant infections-accounted for less than 2% of consumption in most high-income countries and were not reported by most low- and middle-income countries. These should be used cautiously due to the high chance of causing antimicrobial resistance and/or their side-effects.

"We started seeing more and more cases where the bacteria were resistant to the antibiotics that we have available", Smith noted. "By using antibiotics carefully, bacteria are less likely to become resistant to them", says Mr Kinsella.

Moeti stated that patients should never demand nor share antibiotics and only use them when prescribed by a certified healthcare professional. "There's more work needed to educate individuals, families and communities about this problem-it really is time to take antibiotic resistance seriously", Mr Morris said.

The world urgently needs to change the way it prescribes and uses antibiotics.

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Collecting the data is vital for tackling antimicrobial resistance, the extremely worrying trend of bacterial infections becoming immune to antibiotics, the report said.

WITH this World Antibiotic Awareness Week, experts have raised their concern over the persistent overuse and misuse of antibiotics as well as inappropriate prescriptions for them.

The WHO is planning to integrate antimicrobial consumption data into its Global Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance System IT platform to provide reliable data on antibiotic consumption and resistance. Countries that have not already done so are urged to take steps to ensure that the drugs on the reserved lists of essential antibiotics, those which are of the greatest importance to human and veterinary health, are used only when absolutely necessary.

In 2018, NPS MedicineWise published research** about the impact of antimicrobial-resistance programs and antibiotic dispensing for upper respiratory tract infection in Australia. Many low- and middle-income countries have high mortality rates from infectious diseases and low rates of use of antibiotics, said the WHO. Resistance can occur when people cannot afford a full course of treatment or only have access to substandard or falsified medicines. The unregulated sales of antibiotic contribute to the overuse and misuse of these medicines.

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