Published: Thu, December 27, 2018
Science | By Michele Flores

Apollo 8 Astronauts Captured World's Attention In 1968 Moon Mission

Apollo 8 Astronauts Captured World's Attention In 1968 Moon Mission

"What's the imperative? What's pushing us to go to Mars?" he said.

"And then at the end of the year, we had this moment to do this magnificent thing".

While photographing the moon's surface, Bill Anders saw the Earth rising over the lunar horizon. Just seeing these astronauts on television, and seeing them floating around and knowing that for the first time they had escaped from orbit around Earth, it was really science fiction become fact....

USA Today: "'No lifeboat": "Before Houston had "a problem, ' these Apollo 8 astronauts were first to see far side of the moon" - "It was December 21, 1968, the end of a tumultuous year wracked by political, racial and generational strife.

Yet the period is now seen as a golden age, Dr Hopwood said.

WILLIAM ANDERS: For all the people back on Earth, the crew of Apollo 8 has a message that we would like to send to you. Anders was a rookie astronaut, a member of the newest class of recruits, and in the run-up to the Apollo missions he knew it was unlikely he would ever get to command a lunar module; but if he learned every little thing there was to know about the machine - making himself as much of an expert as the people who designed it - he could surely snag himself a number-two slot. "And, I feel very, very, lucky, to have had the chance to tell it". But on Christmas Eve 1968, the capsule made it to lunar orbit.

"I remember the night before the launch, we had been in quarantine from our families and [President] Lyndon Johnson invited us to the White House for one last dance", he says.

'Pondering our relationship to Biosphere 1 [Earth's biosphere] led me to recall how space exploration changed human consciousness. The spacecraft's orientation angled their viewports so that they could only see the surface of the Moon passing by, below. "When you start to see the actual items you have in the museum in this historical archival footage with have those exact items, that's pretty exciting to see", said Chris Henry, museum programs coordinator.

Christian community celebrating Christmas today
Bishop Muvunyi through Jesus, believers have got to be forgiven for their sins and overcome fear. But maybe this year we can be better.

Italy's Mount Etna erupts amid unusually high level of activity
The airport on the Mediterranean island of Sicily says it's having a limited opening Tuesday, operating four flights an hour. It was the "first lateral eruption for more than ten years, but it does not seem to be risky ", said Behncke.

Japan says it will resume commercial whaling, leave global commission
In past years, hundreds of whales were killed in what Japanese officials called " research " or " scientific " efforts. Last season, its scientific research expeditions caught almost 600 whales in the Antarctic and the northwest Pacific.

Lovell said, "We're like three school kids looking into a candy store window, watching those ancient old craters on the far side, slowly slip underneath us". "In the course of a couple years, you had a universal icon based on fear give way to a universal icon based on what people thought of as hope and excitement". "It pointed the way toward a new understanding of who we are as human beings, even for a brief moment". It was the first color photograph of Earth from space.

Perhaps most significant is the impact it had on the environmental movement. The astronauts also famously read from the Book of Genesis, an audio clip which was shared around the world.

For Apollo 8, Honeysuckle Creek received telemetry and voice communications when the spacecraft first went into orbit behind the Moon, when it first emerged back into communication with Earth, and when it began its fiery re-entry into the Earth's atmosphere on December 27.

The press recognized immediately the power of the image, Earth, a brilliant oasis in a desert of darkness.

While only Lovell would fly again, on the ill-fated Apollo 13 mission, all the equipment and procedures tested on Apollo 8 - the spacecraft, the NASA technicians and the global network of tracking stations - would support the remaining Apollo flights. At almost four times farther away than Apollo 8 was from Earth, when Anders snapped the Earthrise image, the view is spectacular.

EPIC's objective is to provide multiple images of Earth per day, to allow us to see how the world is changing over time. "You saved 1968, '" said Borman. We knew these names as well as any when I was growing up.

Story produced by Reid Orvedahl.

Like this: